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Introduction of Solar Water Heaters

Views:2534     Author:Sunflower     Publish Time: 2011-11-04      Origin:Site Inquire

Solar water heaters—also called solar domestic hot water systems—can be a cost-effective way to generate hot water for your home. They can be used in any climate, and the fuel they use—sunshine—is free.

 
How They Work
 
Solar water heating systems include storage tanks and solar collectors. There are two types of solar water heating systems: active, which have circulating pumps and controls, and passive, which don’t.
 
Most solar water heaters require a well-insulated storage tank. Solar storage tanks have an additional outlet and inlet connected to and from the collector. In two-tank systems, the solar water heater preheats water before it enters the conventional water heater. In one-tank systems, the back-up heater is combined with the solar storage in one tank.
 
Three types of solar collectors are used for residential applications:
 
Flat-plate collector
 
Glazed flat-plate collectors are insulated, weatherproofed boxes that contain a dark absorber plate under one or more glass or plastic (polymer) covers. Unglazed flat-plate collectors—typically used for solar pool heating—have a dark absorber plate, made of metal or polymer, without a cover or enclosure.
 
Integral collector-storage systems
 
Also known as ICS or batch systems, they feature one or more black tanks or tubes in an insulated, glazed box. Cold water first passes through the solar collector, which preheats the water. The water then continues on to the conventional backup water heater, providing a reliable source of hot water. They should be installed only in mild-freeze climates because the outdoor pipes could freeze in severe, cold weather.
 
Evacuated-tube solar collectors
 
They feature parallel rows of transparent glass tubes. Each tube contains a glass outer tube and metal absorber tube attached to a fin. The fin’s coating absorbs solar energy but inhibits radiative heat loss. These collectors are used more frequently for U.S. commercial applications.
 
There are two types of active solar water heating systems:
 
Direct circulation systems
 
Pumps circulate household water through the collectors and into the home. They work well in climates where it rarely freezes.
 
Indirect circulation systems
 
Pumps circulate a non-freezing, heat-transfer fluid through the collectors and aheat exchanger. This heats the water that then flows into the home. They are popular in climates prone to freezing temperatures.


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