The energy history of Pakistan reveals that, barring a couple of exceptions, no government has served this sector well. But the Pakistan Peoples Party governments were guaranteed light up Pakistan. Energy has always been a top priority of the Pakistan Peoples Party. Energy has always been a top priority of the Pakistan Peoples Party. It is part of the Party's 2008 election manifesto, counted amongst its top five priorities.
For the very first, and sadly, the very last time in its history, Pakistan managed to produce 3000 MW surplus electricity through successful implementation of its 1994 Power Policy chalked out by the then People's Government. By 1994, Pakistan was facing annual load shedding of about 2,400MW which translated into 14 hours of load shedding. Then Peoples Government of 1993-1996 signed agreements with almost half a dozen private power generation companies enabling the country in just three years' time to produce 3000MW surplus electricity from the perils of 2,400MW shortfall in 1994. There was no load shedding in the country during the decade of 1995-2005. The then PPP Government inducted over 5000MW of private power generation, ending shutdowns.
The PPP also obtained a 500 MW nuclear power station at Chashma. The last power station established in the public sector was the PPP's Ghazi Barotha 1,450MW hydro-electric power project, which went online in 2004. On 04-03-1997, World Bank advised Pakistan to sell its surplus electricity (approx. 3000MW) to India.
The short-sightedness of Governments over the last three decades has had a negative impact on the energy sector. The country sank into an energy crisis for the year 2007 because of the growing demand for electricity, which went into two-digit figure after selling more and more electrical and electronic equipment in leasing.
In February 1997, immediately after the formation of his Government at the Center, PML-N decided to discard the 1994 energy policy citing high tariffs charged by independent power producers. Against all national and international laws, the PML-N Government urged the independent power producers to reduce tariffs, arrested 3 foreigners qualified experts technical of the private infrastructure Council of energy (PPIB), harassed to the management of the independent power producers, so that the closing of the doors of the foreign investment in the country. Three weeks later, 26-4-1997, WAPDA, the guidelines of the Government Nawaz then compelled ECA-Silpform to suspend construction in the plant of coal energy 660MW fired Keti Bunder. A Hong Kong company, was the development of an industrial port in Keti Bunder area in addition to develop the coal mining in Thar.
The Nawaz Government then delivered the most severe blow to the economy of Pakistan in 18-4-1998 that "Ordinance against corrupt practices in the energy sector" was passed. This Ordinance was promulgated to all hurry just two days before the Senate and the National Assembly should start their session. The Ordinance provided seven years in prison to which--including foreigners--who were found guilty by Ehtisab Saif-ur-Rehaman table. Or a single person has been convicted once during judicial proceedings by virtue of this Ordinance, but the country suffered a financial loss amounting to tens of billions of dollars of foreign investment along with the acute shortage of energy that the country was going to face in the coming years.
The Government has announced a Vision statement for the energy sector which includes the addition of 20,000 MW by 2020. President Asif Ali Zardari, has asked for a rapid adoption and use of modern technologies of solar and geothermal energy, geothermal heat pumps, solar water heaters, solar cookers and etc water pump solar to make the most of energy natural resources available, on the one hand, and meet the energy needs of the country, on the other.
The Government is considering the importation of Iran energy and the Central Asian Republics and the use of indigenous sources, such as Hydel, coal, waste, wind and solar energy as well as other sources of alternative and renewable energy and nuclear power for energy production plants.
The country has a deficit of approximately 5000mW energy - only produces around two-thirds of its energy needs. According to available data with PEPCO, the deficit has increased to 3,120 MW forcing hours increased load disconnect in the country. The generation of electricity occurred at Hydel generation 3.607 MW, 1,920 MW thermal WAPDA, IPPs 4.975 MW and 62MW of power Rental offer.
A country that uses oil to almost 40% of its needs of primary energy, the fact that oil prices are rising again is enough to recall the energy crisis that continues to haunt. A strategy to reduce the current account deficit has to contend with cut oil imports and this can be achieved by reducing the dependence of the generation of energy from oil oven. These are the five pillars on which the Popular Government is the construction of a prosperous Pakistan.
The people's Government is committed to establish a comprehensive and credible program that will guarantee energy security and the adequacy of the offer to a maximum use of indigenous water and hydrocarbon resources, conservation of energy, the development of alternative energy sources as wind and solar energy, the reactivation of Keti Bunder project and the establishment of a corridor of energy from Central Asia to Balochistan with a sustainable program to bring energy to the doors of the poor.
The Popular Government focuses on short, medium and long term measures to meet the energy needs of Pakistan. More than 2,000 MW to the national power grid is added this year, which would be equivalent to electricity, added last year 2010.
President Asif Ali Zardari, has asked for a rapid adoption and use of modern technologies of solar and geothermal energy, geothermal heat pumps, solar water heaters, solar cookers and etc water pump solar to make the most of energy natural resources available, on the one hand, and meet the energy needs of the country, on the other.
The new vision depends largely on the use of combustible such as Hydel, indigenous coal, gas and renewable resources, Diamer Bhasha dam and project Thar coal as part of efforts to rid the country of the shortage of electricity. The provincial government has decided to inaugurate work on the Bhasha dam in the presence of President Asif Ali Zardari, and the first Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani. 4500 MW of electricity that would increase the useful life of the dam of Tarbella for 35 years would be generated.
Diamer Basha dam project will be the highest dam of concrete compacted with roller in the world, the height of 272 metres of the landfill with fourteen (14) each 11.5 mx 16,24 m. Gates The gross capacity of the tank will be 8.1 MAF with MAF 6.4 live storage. Two (2) underground power houses are being proposed, one on each side of the main dam has six (6) on each side turbines with total installed capacity of 4500 MW. End of the project period is wef 2009 to 2016, the U.S. cost.UU. $8,505 billion. Diamer-Bhasha dam would be to ensure the safety of food and water, as well as increase the arable land. The project also extend the useful life of the dam Tarbela, located downstream, for 35 years and would help the damage of flood control in the country.
This project was delayed owing to the decision to compensate landowners victims. The previous doctoral Governments were not fair to peoples and barely touching for people rather than solving them. The Government of peoples has resolved all issues in dispute with this delay and now the project in the form of lighten Pakistan.